Request pdf on researchgate | socio-economic effects of khat chewing in north eastern kenya | the khat habit is a widespread phenomenon which has in the past two decades spread to parts of western europe and north america from eastern africa and the arabian peninsula. Although the practice of khat-chewing is still primarily for a 12-month review of the impact of the reclassification of khat in view of the highly unusual . Khat chewing during pregnancy can affect maternal health with a damaging effect on the baby’s health and wellbeing this study was conducted to clarify the impact of khat chewing on maternal and fetal outcomes during pregnancy of yemeni women. Khat use prevalence, causes and its effect on mental health, bahir-dar, causes and effects of khat chewing on levels of anxiety, depression and khat chewing . Chewing fresh leaves of the khat plant (catha edulis), represents a widespread habit with a deep-rooted sociocultural tradition in yemen khat is chewed for its central stimulant properties and to .
Abstract - the chewing of leaves the khat shrub is common in certain countries east africa and the arabian peninsula, and some khat users are subject to psychic dependence on this stimu- lant recently, important progress has been made in understanding the pharmacological basis for the effects of khat. Khat chewing causes oral white lesions on the chewing side and a correlation between khat chewing and oral cancer has been suggested there is weak evidence for khat chewing influencing the incidence of myocardial infarction, cardiomyopathy, hypertension, cerebrovascular disease, diabetes, sexual dysfunction, duodenal ulcer and hepatitis. Khat abuse and its effects khat is a flowering evergreen shrub (catha edulis) that grows in the arabian peninsula and parts of africa the people who live in these areas use the leaves, twigs, and shoots much in the way that tobacco is chewed to release substances that have stimulant-like effects.
Evening khat ceremonies — regular salon gatherings (usually only of men) to chew and chat about matters great and small — are the country's basic form of socializing (read un world drug report) but khat's detractors say the leaf is destroying yemen. Prevalence, reasons, and perceived effects of khat chewing among students of a college in gondar town, northwestern ethiopia: a crossã¢â â sectional. The impact of khat on the economy-in the case of hargeisa, somalilland 0 this study identifies the associated impacts of khat use on the economy of hargeisa city in total, 96 people was participated who from the different districts of hargeisa, namely m/haybe, ahmed-dhagah, 26 june, kodbur and g/libah(19 people from each district).
For the past 20 years, in tandem with national development, khat chewing has rapidly expanded, and the use of chemical pesticides in khat production has increased 33 a recent study, reported the adverse effects of the use of pesticides and chewing of khat 34 results of interviews and questionnaires showed that those who chewed khat grown with . Like many other countries, khat chewing for social and psychological reasons has been practiced in ethiopia for centuries and its use has been gradually expanded to worldwide (ezekiel, 2005 yeshigeta and abraham, 2004 wabel, 2011) but until few decades, khat chewing in ethiopia was mainly limited to older men and members of muslim communities. Khat, or qat, somali is ( qaad) is a flowering plant native to tropical east africa a khat is a green-leaved plant that has been chewed for its stimulant effect for centuries khat contains the alkaloid called cathinone, and amphetamine-like stimulant which is said to cause excitement, loss of appetite, it is a controlled or illegal substance . Using open-ended questions based on a literature review, the facilitators asked participants about patterns of khat use, including how the drug is used and the social context of use, and about the effects of khat on health, including whether participants believed that khat was addictive or contributed to mental health issues or other physical health problems. Though community is chewing khat for multiple reasons, it has huge public health impact on mental, physical and social well-being community based comparative cross-sectional study had been conducted from march to june, 2015.
Khat is a flowering plant that is found natively from the arabian peninsula to the horn of africa chewing the leaves has been a practice among people living in that area for years because the leaves contain a stimulant. Gu effects chewing khat leaves results in reduction in maximum and average urinary flow rates, presumably because of the sympathomimetic action of cathinone on the . Khat chewing, however, has been reported to have adverse effects on various human body systems recently, khat chewing has become a real national problem in the yemen and many people, in particular physicians, believe that khat chewing can damage health and have grave social, financial and medical consequences (khalil, 1997, manghi et al, 2009). Khat is either chewed on its own or with accompaniments like sweets, sugar, chewing gum just to mention a few the euphoric effects are rapid due to its absorption through the oral mucosa the various adverse effects in the oral cavity include stomatitis, tmj dysfunction, keratosis of the buccal mucosa, leukoplakia and oral cancer.
Impact of khat chewing on work ability, road traffic accidents and violations, and socioeconomic aspects methods study sample and design a cross-sectional study was . Khat chewing is popular among yemenis this study was performed to investigate the effects of khat chewing on periodontal tissue and oral hygiene status a total of 730 subjects (336 chewers and 394 non-chewers with a mean age of 315 ± 08 and 294 ± 09 years, respectively) were involved . Chewing khat linked to stroke, death “global awareness of the negative impact of khat-chewing on health and social life is warranted before it becomes endemic,” says researcher jassim al . Khat chewing in yemen: turning over a new leaf khat chewing is on the rise in yemen, raising concerns about the health and social consequences leen al-mugahed reports.
-the prevalence of khat chewing was high among college students in the study area factors that significantly affect the habit of khat chewing were identified colleges and health bureau should design and implement audience specific behavioral change communication about consequence of khat chewing to prevent and avert students khat chewing practice. Use and abuse of khat (catha edulis): a review of the distribution, pharmacology, side effects and a description of psychosis attributed to khat chewing psychol med 1989 19: 657–668 5 hassan nagm, gunaid aa, ali ms, shehab mmi the effects of chewing qat leaves on psychotic patients. Community based study that has been done in bahir dar city to determine effects of khat chewing behaviours on risk to elevated blood pressure therefore, this study aimed to assess effect of khat chewing on systolic and diastolic blood. The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse so there is a research gap on the impact of khat with respect the youth and possible risk factors.
But with so much of the local economy dependent on khat, any change to demand can prove disastrous already, says lafforgue, the effects of the uk ban are beginning to be felt in ethiopia 'for thousands of little farmers and traders in ethiopia, the ban has already had a severe impact,' says lafforgue. It was found out that majority of khat chewers do not work, do not do savings and devote most of their valuable time for khat chewing moreover, the participants strongly agree that khat effects family relationships, and is the centre of every.